NIPPON DREAMZ: Kabuki

kabuki-main1The lights dimmed and I wondered if the goosebumps were from the theatre’s chill air or the sensation of finally witnessing a shade of Japanese culture with my family in the same space.  After years of attempting the seemingly impossible, the stars and busy schedules aligned at last with my mother, father and younger sister joining me for a 3 day jaunt in Tokyo.  We walked the crosswalk in Shibuya, did the lanes of curious seafood in Tsukiji and now here we sat in Ginza’s Kabuki-za as the central stage lit up revealing an old temple.  Hanging inside it was a gigantic bell and as I plugged in the earphone and leaned back, the narrator shared the tale of a ghost come to destroy it…

Kanamaru-za, a restored theater in Kagawa on Shikoku island.  Notice the hanamichi on the left.

Kanamaru-za, a restored theater in Kagawa on Shikoku island. Notice the hanamichi on the left.

Of all the forms of traditional Japanese theatre, Kabuki is the most kinetic, the most vibrant.  It is known for it’s stylization of historical accounts and epic tales through song, dance and radiant pyrotechnics.  Even if you’ve never heard of Kabuki itself, chances are you’re familiar with the iconic look of some of the actors whose faces are elaborately painted in white and wild strokes of red.  Kabuki (歌舞伎) is composed of three characters meaning “sing”, “dance”, and “skill”, and it originated as many performing arts did, in the red light district. 

17th century portrait of kabuki's creator, Izumo no Okuni.

17th century portrait of kabuki’s creator, Izumo no Okuni.

 Originally an all-female entertainment troupe, kabuki was pioneered by Izumo no Okuni in the 17th century.  It gained immediate fame as the female artists parodied everyday life in the roles of men and women.  However, towards the end of the century the performances were deemed “too erotic” and female kabuki was eventually banned in favor of the modern day all-male variety, or yaro-kabuki (young man kabuki).  This began the Genroku era, a golden age when kabuki thrived and became a more official, streamlined art.  Audiences could expect to see established conventional character types and professional kabuki playwrights, like the great Kawatake Mokuami (1816), began to rise in prominence.  Actor Ichikawa danjuro is said to be the inventor of kabuki’s bizarre, static poses called mie and even the kumadori and kesho make-up that resembles a mask, or a strange doll.

Yukio Ninagawa's kabuki rendition of Twelfth Night, 2009.

Yukio Ninagawa’s kabuki rendition of Twelfth Night, 2009.

When discussing the elements of the kabuki play, keep in mind that it was originally created to entertain the common people, unpretentious and immersive.  This is evident even today in the design of the stage with it’s hanamichi, or flower path, stretching out from the main performance area and into the audience.  Trap doors and revolving sets allow for dramatic entrances and exits of the actors while backgrounds can be changed even mid-performance by stage hands dressed entirely in black.  A performer is not necessarily grounded by gravity either as wires can hoist them over the stage or other parts of the auditorium in a technique familiar to many of us called chunori, “riding in mid-air”.  Actors are under intense pressure during performances to portray multiple roles and are awaited backstage by a team ready to help them don new costumes and makeup at a moment’s notice.  They can be complimented during the show by yelling out their yago, a name they’ve received in the kabuki troupe, or even more by calling out their father’s name.

The famous "lion dance".

The famous “lion dance”.

It was these calls to the star of the show that I heard while sitting in the upper rows of the Ginza theater as the crowd began to applaude his performance.  A sheepish smile crept across my face; I really wasn’t used to such a welcome interactivity between the crowd and artists on stage.    As shows can easily become an all day affair depending on the play, my family and I stayed for one act before heading out to discuss the experience.  As for the story of the ghost?  The play is called “Musume Dojoji”, what turned out to be a classic selection. 

2007115hana_dojoji1

“Musume Dojoji”.

The theatre in Ginza was recently renovated and reopened in March of this year.  Why not stop by for what could be a transporting experience?  The feverish blend of wild colors, special effects and actor’s brazen faces successfully lured me to another place; not really the past as it actually had been, but rather the Kabuki’s mad interpretation of it.  Believe me, I wanted to stay awhile.  Maybe you will to.

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